How does the brain process visual information associated with speech sounds?

We are pleased to announce the publication of the latest article by Chotiga Pattamadilok and Marc Sato, CNRS researchers at LPL, entitled “How are visemes and graphemes integrated with speech sounds during spoken word recognition? ERP evidence for supra-additive responses during audiovisual compared to auditory speech processing” in the journal Brain and Language.

Reference:
Chotiga Pattamadilok, Marc Sato. How are visemes and graphemes integrated with speech sounds during spoken word recognition? ERP evidence for supra-additive responses during audiovisual compared to auditory speech processing. Brain and Language, Elsevier, 2022, 225, ⟨10.1016/j.bandl.2021.105058⟩⟨hal-03472191v2⟩

Full text on open science database HAL: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03472191v2

Contact: chotiga.pattamadilok@lpl-aix.fr

What educational model for deaf children in Tunisia?

We are pleased to announce the publication of the article Preliminary Considerations on the Development of a Bicultural Trilingual Education Model for Deaf Children in the Tunisian Context co-written by Aymen Nefaa (PhD student LPL-AMU), Leïla Boutora (LPL-AMU ) and Núria Gala (LPL-AMU).

The article is published by the journal Frontiers in Education and is available in open access.

Reference: Nefaa A, Boutora L and Gala N (2022) Preliminary Considerations on the Development of a Bicultural Trilingual Education Model for Deaf Children in the Tunisian Context. Front. Educ. 6:750584. https://doi.org/10.3389/feduc.2021.750584

Contact: aymen.nefaa@univ-amu.fr

Can text simplification improve reading fluency and comprehension?

We are pleased to announce the publication of the article "Simplification of literary and scientific texts to improve reading fluency and comprehension in beginning readers of French" co-written by Núria Gala (LPL-AMU) and colleagues from the research structures LPC, ADEF, SCALab and IL&C.

The article published today by the journal Applied Psycholinguistics is available through open access at: https://doi.org/10.1017/S014271642100062X

Contact: nuria.gala@univ-amu.fr

Corpus release about French Cued Speech

Brigitte Bigi - CNRS researcher at the LPL - has just submitted a corpus recorded in August 2021 during the internship organized by the French National Cued Speech Association (ALPC, https://alpc.asso.fr) :

Brigitte Bigi, Maryvonne Zimmermann (2021). CLeLfPC [Corpus]. ORTOLANG (Open Resources and TOols for LANGuage) - www.ortolang.fr, v1, https://hdl.handle.net/11403/clelfpc/v1

Produced in collaboration with Maryvonne Zimmermann (ALPC-Datha) and Carine André (LPL-CNRS), this corpus contains audio / video recordings and read aloud annotations simultaneously coded in French Cued Speech (LfPC). LfPC coding results in hand movements that accompany speech. Its purpose is to facilitate lip reading for deaf people - by means of a more detailed understanding of phonemes - and thus to allow them access to the spoken French language.

Link to the corpus CLeLfPC: https://www.ortolang.fr/market/corpora/clelfpc

Credits: 2021 B. Bigi et M. Zimmermann

Do we adapt our gestures to our interlocutor?

Marion Tellier (LPL), Gale Stam (National Louis University) and Alain Ghio (LPL) have just published the article "Handling language: How future language teachers adapt their gestures to their interlocutor" in the scientific journal Gesture. This eagerly awaited article is the culmination of important research work as part of the "Gesture in Teacher Talk" project conducted by Marion and Gale since 2009.

Reference: Marion Tellier, Gale Stam, Alain Ghio. Handling language: How future language teachers adapt their gestures to their interlocutor. Gesture, John Benjamins Publishing, 2021, 20 (1), pp.30-62. 10.1075/gest.19031.telhal-03445299

For information, the article is available in its entirety at the LPL library (and soon also in HAL).

Abstract:

This paper addresses the question of how speakers adapt their gestures according to their interlocutor’s proficiency level in the language of the interaction especially in the specific context of foreign language teaching. We know that speakers make changes in their speech when addressing a non-native speaker, called Foreigner Talk (Ferguson, 1975) to make their speech more comprehensible. However, whether and how gestures are also modified along with speech has hardly been addressed in the literature. In this study, we examined the speech and gesture of future teachers of French in a word explanation task to see what types of adjustments they made when explaining a word to a native speaker and a non-native speaker. We had ten future teachers of French explain the same 12 words to a native and a non-native speaker of French and compared the explanations. We found that the future teachers produced significantly more gestures, significantly longer gestures in duration, significantly more illustrative (iconic and deictic) gestures, and significantly larger gestures when addressing a non-native interlocutor. These results show that native speakers make not only speech adjustments but also gesture adjustments in addressing non-native speakers.

Credits: Corpus GTT 2009 (Tellier and Stam)

The voice in all its states

The collection "The voice: anatomy, physiology and explorations" edited by Antoine Giovanni (LPL, AMU, CHU) has just been published by the publisher De Boeck (in French). Among the authors are the following members of the LPL POP team: Estelle Bogdanski, Alain Ghio, Thierry Legou, Alexia Mattei, Joana Revis and Danièle Robert-Rochet.

The reference work dedicated to vocal functioning is primarily intended for professionals and students of phoniatry and speech therapy.

> La voix : anatomie, physiologie et explorations | De Boeck Supérieur (deboecksuperieur.com) (in French)

Release of the last TIPA issue dedicated to convergence

We are pleased to announce the publication of the latest issue of TIPA: n ° 37 - 2021: "La convergence", coordinated by Sibylle Kriegel and Sophie Herment.

For this issue, a new editorial team has been set up to support the journal's developments.

We hope you enjoy reading it,

The TIPA editorial team

lpl-tipa@univ-amu.fr

https://journals.openedition.org/tipa/

Conversing with a virtual human to assess the consequences of head injuries

The CNRS press office has just published a press release on the latest article co-written by Maud Champagne-Lavau (CNRS research director), Noémie Moreau (neuropsychologist and researcher associated with the LPL) and Emmanuelle Taché (neuropsychologist and former doctoral student of the laboratory) and which recently appeared in the Journal of Neurospychology:

Article: Speaking with virtual humans: Assessing social cognition in traumatic brain injury with a 2nd person-perspective task. Moreau Noémie, Taché Emmanuelle and Champagne-Lavau Maud. Journal of Neurospychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12257

Press release in EN: Conversing with a virtual human to assess the consequences of head injuries | CNRS

Image © Maud Champagne-Lavau / Emmanuelle Taché / Noémie Moreau

Special issue dedicated to the RANACLES 2019 Congress

The journal “Mélanges du CRAPEL” has just published a thematic issue on Interactions in language (resource) centers following the 27th RANACLES Congress organized by the LPL and LERMA in 2019.

The issue was coordinated by Amélie Leconte and Marco Cappellini from LPL and by Anne Chateau and Maud Ciekanski from ATILF.

Link to the special issue (full text in French) : Mélanges Crapel - ATILF | CNRS-UL -> go to « Derniers numéros parus » (last issues)