Interactions

Contact:
lpl-equipe-interactions (at) univ-amu . fr

Team contacts:
Maud Champagne-Lavau
Marco Cappellini

Scientific objectives

Linguistic models of the functioning of language have traditionally been based on linguistic examples obtained in controlled situations, quite far from the reality of everyday language. In the last decade, new work has sought to describe language in a more natural context, and in particular that of conversation. These studies focused on descriptions concerning several linguistic domains as well as their interactions: phonetics, prosody, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, mimo-gestural.

In this context, the team’s project aims to develop a language model placing interaction at the heart of the question of linguistic structures. In our approach, conversational interactions are further described in close relation to the way in which language is processed in the speaker’s brain. To meet this objective, several central themes will be addressed. In continuity with the project of the previous five-year period, it will be:

(1) To study phenomena appearing specifically during an interaction between speakers (eg. backchannels, imitation and convergence at the phonetic and discursive levels), in order to analyze the interaction between the different linguistic domains and to understand which linguistic units ( eg. prosodic, syntactic, mimo-gestural units) are the most relevant to reflect these interactions.

(2) To broaden our knowledge of how language and communicative activities are characterized by the interaction situation.

(3) To develop tools and methods for the analysis, exploration and annotation of mono- or multimodal data. This involves two complementary movements.

Events

Friday, March 18th 2022, 10.30-11.30, LPL : Seminar Team Interactions with Geert Brône
“Multimodal strategies in the production and reception of irony in face-to-face interaction”

Friday, November 19th 2021 9h30, LPL (salle B011) : LPL team study day
Wednesday, November 10th 2021 14h30, LPL: Defense HDR Roxane Bertrand (LPL / CNRS)
“Interactional linguistics : from corpus studies to experimentation”
Friday, Octobre 15th 2021 14h, Maison des Sciences de l’Homme Lyon : Defense HDR Marco Cappellini (LPL / AMU)
“Modeling for research-action in telecollaborative exchanges : Interactions, training of trainers, autonomy.”
Thursday 14 October 2021 14h-16h, LPL (room A-102) : Jean-Philippe Prost (LPL)
Presentation in the context of the Interaction Team meeting : “Interactions between linguistic dimensions : an holistic cartography of language”
 
Next LPL seminar organised by the Interactions team (open to all):
Friday, March 18th 2022, 10.30-11.30, LPL : Seminar Team Interactions with Geert Brône (KU Leuven – MIDI Research Group – METLab)
“Multimodal strategies in the production and reception of irony in face-to-face interaction”

Friday, February 19th, 10.30 – 12.00 (online) 10.30 – 11.30: Simona Pekarek Doehler, Université de Neuchâtel
Routinisation d’une grammaire-pour-l’interaction : Les trajectoires développementales de ‘je sais pas’ et ‘comment en dit’ en langue seconde
11.30 – 12.00: Marco Cappellini, LPL
Alignement des procédés d’étayage dans un télétandem
Team meetings 2022:
  • Thursday, January 13th, 10h-12h (online)
 
Team meetings 2021:
  • Friday 3 December 10h30-12h30 (roomB.011)
  • Thursday 18 November 14h-15h (room A-102/online)
  • Thursday 14 October 14h-16h (room A-102): Séminaire Jean-Philippe Prost
  • Tuesday 28 September, 11h-12h (room A-102)
  • Friday, February 19th, 10.30: seminar by S. Pekarek Doelher and M. Cappellini
  • Monday, March 29th, 10.00 – 11.00
  • Thursday, April 22nd, 2.00 p.m. – 4.00 p.m.
  • Monday, Mai 17th, 2.00 p.m. – 3.00 p.m.
 

News

 


Publication of the special issue of Glottopol
co-ordinated by Emilie Lebreton (LPL)




https://journals.openedition.org/glottopol/
This issue highlights glottopolitical actions of non-state agents, which take over or counteract institutional language policies, in France and elsewhere. Glottopolitics has been defined as encompassing both state language policy actions as well as ” miniscule and familial acts ” (Guespin & Marcellesi, 1986 : 15). For the initiators of the concept, glottopolitical actions are implemented at all social levels, far from being limited to institutions. The authors called for a broader look, beyond the only instances of official legitimization. […] The contributions collected here bear witness to engaged and solidary actions. All the contributions are divided into two main domains: on the one hand, minority languages and various actions of revalorization, and on the other hand, the reception of migrants, essentially in France. These two areas are still particularly investigated in sociolinguistics today.
Eye gaze has been described as a powerful instrument in social interaction, serving a multitude of functions and displaying particular patterns in relation to speech, gesture and other semiotic resources. Recently developed data collection techniques, including mobile eye-tracking systems, allow us to generate fine-grained information on the gaze orientation of multiple participants simultaneously while they are engaged in spontaneous face-to-face interactions. In this talk, I will zoom in on one set of studies from our lab that provides an illustration of how mobile eye-tracking data may be used for both qualitative and quantitative explorations into the working of the ‘gaze machinery’ in (inter)action. More specifically, I will discuss the complex cognitive-pragmatic phenomenon of irony in interaction. The intrinsic layered nature of irony requires a form of negotiation between speakers and their addressees, in which eye gaze behaviour (along with other nonverbal resources) seems to play a relevant role. A comparison of both speaker and addressee gaze patterns in ironic vs. non-ironic sequences in spontaneous interactions reveals interesting patterns that can be attributed to an increased grounding activity between the participants. March 18th 2022, 10.30-11.30, LPL : Seminar Team Interactions – Geert Brône (KU Leuven – MIDI Research Group – METLab)
“Multimodal strategies in the production and reception of irony in face-to-face interaction”
Do we adapt our gestures to our interlocutor? Marion Tellier (LPL-AMU), Gale Stam (National Louis University) and Alain Ghio (LPL-CNRS) have just published an article in the scientific journal Gesture. This eagerly awaited article is the culmination of important research work as part of the “Gesture in Teacher Talk” project conducted by Marion and Gale since 2009.
Reference : Marion Tellier, Gale Stam, Alain Ghio. Handling language: How future language teachers adapt their gestures to their interlocutor. Gesture, John Benjamins Publishing, 2021, 20 (1), pp.30-62. ⟨10.1075/gest.19031.tel⟩ ⟨hal-03445299⟩.
20 Octobre 2021 : Chiara Mazzocconi (post-doc) and her colleagues from the University of Gothenburg presented their work on the interaction between gaze and the pragmatic functions of laughter, and on their coordination in alignment, at the International Conference on Multimodal Interaction (ICMI 2021), Montreal 18-22 October 2021. https://dl.acm.org/doi/fullHtml/10.1145/3462244.3479947 Mazzocconi, C., Maraev, V., Somashekarappa, V., & Howes, C. (2021, October). Looking for Laughs: Gaze Interaction with Laughter Pragmatics and Coordination. In Proceedings of the 2021 International Conference on Multimodal Interaction (pp. 636-644).
Tuesday 12th October 2021 : The Literature and FLE (French as a Foreign Language) workshop organised by Emilie Lebreton (AMU) and Pierre-Yves Dufeu (SUFLE) provided food for thought on the legitimisation of literary practices that allow for a change in the way we look at literary works (classics and contemporary) which have their place in FLE, whatever the audience, their level and their motivations for learning French.
To access the recordings of the day, you can follow this link : https://amubox.univ-amu.fr/s/t8PL2gJiGMN7o5Z
30th Septembre 2021 : The CNRS press office has just published a new issue on the latest article co-authored by Maud Champagne-Lavau (CNRS research director), Noémie Moreau (neuropsychologist and associate researcher at the LPL) and Emmanuelle Taché (neuropsychologist and former doctoral student at the laboratory):
Speaking with virtual humans: Assessing social cognition in traumatic brain injury with a 2nd person-perspective task. Moreau N., Taché E. and Champagne-Lavau M.. Journal of Neurospychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/jnp.12257
July 8, 2020: Roxane Bertrand and Noël Nguyen, two members of the Interactions team, have just published an article in “The Conversation France”. Entitled “The Complex Mechanics of Ordinary Conversation” (article in French), the article sheds light on the mechanisms and practices of oral conversation.

 

 

Team members

Please follow the link to the French team page.